# Output Formatting

Updated: 11/30/2021, 7:00:45 PM
Created: 11/30/2021, 7:00:45 PM
Last Updated By: Jake Tuttle
Read Time: 3 minute(s)

Performs formatting of output data values for use with PRINT and CRT commands.

# Command Syntax

Variable MaskExpression

Also see: FMT

# Syntax Elements

MaskExpression Numeric Mask Codes: [j][n][m][Z][,][c][$][Fill Character][Length]
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Mask Code Description Notes
j Justification
R Right Justified
L Left Justified
T Left Justified, Break on space.
Note: This justification will format the output into blocks of data in the variable and it is up to the programmer to actually separate the blocks.
D Date (see OCONV)
n Decimal Precision:
A number from 0 to 9 that defines the decimal precision.
It specifies the number of digits to be output following the decimal point. The processor inserts trailing zeros if necessary. If n is omitted or is 0, a decimal point will not be output.
m Scaling Factor:
A number that defines the scaling factor.
The source value is descaled (divided) by that power of 10. For example, if m=1, the value is divided by 10; if m=2, the value is divided by 100, and so on. If m is omitted, it is assumed to be equal to n (the decimal precision).
Z Suppress leading zeros.
Note: that fractional values which have no integer will have a zero before the decimal point. If the value is zero, a null will be output.
, The thousands separator symbol. It specifies insertion of thousands separators every three digits to the left of the decimal point.
You can change the display separator symbol by invoking the SET-THOU command.
Use the SET-DEC command to specify the decimal separator.
If JBASE_LOCALE is set correctly, then the thousand and decimal separators will be defined automatically.
c Credit Indicator.
Note: If a value is negative and you have not specified one of these indicators, the value will be displayed with a leading minus sign.
If you specify a credit indicator, the data will be output with either the credit characters or an equivalent number of spaces, depending on its value.
C Print the literal CR after negative values.
D Print the literal DB after positive values.
E Enclose negative values in angle brackets < >
M Print a minus sign after negative values.
N Suppresses embedded minus sign.
$ Appends a Dollar sign to value.
Fill Character and Length #n Spaces. Repeat space n times. Output value is overlaid on the spaces created.
*n Asterisk. Repeat asterisk n times. Output value is overlaid on the asterisks created.
%n Zero. Repeat zeros n times. Output value is overlaid on the zeros created.
&x Format. x can be any of the above format codes, a currency symbol, a space, or literal text.
The first character following & is used as the default fill character to replace #n fields without data. Format strings may be enclosed in parentheses "( )".

# Examples

Mask                    Source                                                  Returned Value (columns)
Expression              Value  
----------              -------                                                 123456789012345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890
R2#10                   1234.56                                                    1234.56  
L2%10                   1234.56                                                 1234.56000  
R2%10                   1234.56                                                 0001234.56  
L2*10                   1234.56                                                 12.34*****  
R2*10                   1234.56                                                 *****12.34  
R2,$#15                 123456.78                                                   $123,456.78  
R2,&$#15                123456.78                                               $$$$$123,456.78  
R2,& $#15               123456.78                                               $     123,456.78  
R2,C&*$#15              -123456.78                                              $***123,456.78CR  
R((###) ###-###)        1234567890                                              (123) 456-7890  
R((#3) #2-#4)           1234567890                                              (123) 456-7890  
L& Text #2-#3           12345                                                   Text 12-345  
L& ((Text#2) #3)        12345                                                   (Text12) 345  
T#20                    This is a test of the American Broadcasting System      This is a test of   the American        Broadcasting System  
D4/                     12260                                                   07/25/2001  
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